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Est 1994

EYFS Development

Welcome to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), which is how the Government and early years professionals describe the time in your child’s life between birth and age 5.

This is a very important stage as it helps your child get ready for school as well as preparing them for their future learning and successes. From when your child is born up until the age of 5, their early years experience should be happy, active, exciting, fun and secure; and support their development, care and learning needs.

Nurseries, pre-schools, reception classes and childminders registered to deliver the EYFS must follow a legal document called the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework.

What is the EYFS Framework – why do we have one?

The EYFS Framework exists to support all professionals working in the EYFS to help your child, and was developed with a number of early years experts and parents.

In 2012 the framework was revised to make it clearer and easier to use, with more focus on the things that matter most. This new framework also has a greater emphasis on your role in helping your child develop.

It sets out:

  • The legal welfare requirements that everyone registered to look after children must follow to keep your child safe and promote their welfare
  • The 7 areas of learning and development which guide professionals’ engagement with your child’s play and activities as they learn new skills and knowledge
  • Assessments that will tell you about your child’s progress through the EYFS
  • Expected levels that your child should reach at age 5, usually the end of the reception year; these expectations are called the “Early Learning Goals (ELGs)”

There is also guidance for the professionals supporting your child on planning the learning activities, and observing and assessing what and how your child is learning and developing.

What does it mean for me as a parent?

Ensuring my child’s safety

Much thought has been given to making sure that your child is as safe as possible. Within the EYFS there is a set of welfare standards that everyone must follow. These include the numbers of staff required in a nursery, how many children a childminder can look after, and things like administering medicines and carrying out risk assessments.


You can find out about the quality of your child’s nursery and other early years providers in relation to the EYFS Framework by checking what the Government’s official inspection body for early years, Ofsted,has to say about it. You can find this information at

How my child will be learning

The EYFS Framework explains how and what your child will be learning to support their healthy development.

Your child will be learning skills, acquiring new knowledge and demonstrating their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.

Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:

  • Communication and language;
  • Physical development; and
  • Personal, social and emotional development.

These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning.

As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas. These are:

  • Literacy;
  • Mathematics;
  • Understanding the world; and
  • Expressive arts and design.

These 7 areas are used to plan your child’s learning and activities. The professionals teaching and supporting your child will make sure that the activities are suited to your child’s unique needs. This is a little bit like a curriculum in primary and secondary schools, but it’s suitable for very young children, and it’s designed to be really flexible so that staff can follow your child’s unique needs and interests.

Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active, and through creative and critical thinking which takes place both indoors and outside.

Here are four main themes that underpin all of the guidance given to practitioners and that is the main aim of the EYFS. These are then interlinked to the areas of learning.

What to expect from Stepping Stones

Whilst your child is in our care we endeavour to provide quality learning opportunities that are suited and adapted to meet your child’s unique needs. Your child will be placed into one of the three children’s groups appropriate to their age and developmental stage.

Sunshines: 1-2 years Rainbows: 2-3years Pre-School: 3-5years

They will be allocated a key person. This person will:

  • Be your main point of contact within the setting
  • Help your child to become settled and happy and ensure they are safe at all times
  • Have primary responsibility for your child’s care, development and learning
  • Record your child’s progress, sharing this with you and giving you guidance and ideas as to how you can help your child at home.

There will be the opportunity for daily contact with your child’s key person for information and feedback on what activities your child has participated in and how they have been during their time at nursery. This information will also be recorded on a daily diary.

A progress report is written every term and a copy of this will be sent home to you. You will also have the opportunity for parent evening appointments twice a year with your child’s key person. You are always welcome to discuss your child’s progress outside of these allocated times, should you wish, too.

Areas of Learning

Each of the children’s groups has activities planned, within the different areas of learning, by the nursery team. These activities are designed to develop your child’s abilities and will draw on each child’s interests as they have been observed throughout their play. The practitioners within our setting are skilled at ensuring that the activities are suited to your child’s unique needs.

The activities that your child has been participating in, are documented in the hall on our planning board.

There are 7 Areas of Learning and they are split into two groups – Prime Areas and Specific Areas.

Children are most likely to develop within the 3 Prime Areas first. These are:

  • Personal, social and emotional development
  • Communication and language
  • Physical development

These prime areas are most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning.

The youngest age group (Sunshines) will have activities planned around the 3 Prime Areas only.

As the children grow and develop within the Prime Areas, this will help them to develop skills within the 4 Specific Areas. These are:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive arts and design

Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active and through creative and critical thinking which takes place inside the nursery, in the garden areas and outside the setting too.

The diagram below gives examples of the areas of learning and development and shows the links between the way in which your child learns and what they learn.

Parent Partnership

In 2012 the EYFS Frame work was revised and greater emphasis has since been placed on the role of parents/guardians in helping their child to develop.

All the fun activities that you do with your child at home are important in supporting their learning and development, with a really long lasting effect on your child’s learning as they progress through nursery and school.

Even when your child is very young and not yet able to talk, talking to them will help them to learn and understand new words and ideas. If you make the time every day to do some of the following things with your child it will make a real difference to your child’s confidence as a young learner.

Contact Stepping Stones